Kate Raworth explains the ‘doughnut’ economy is based on the premise that “Humanity’s 21st century challenge is to meet the needs of all within the means of the planet. In other words, to ensure that no one falls short on life’s essentials (from food and housing to healthcare and political voice), while ensuring that collectively we do not overshoot our pressure on Earth’s life-supporting systems, on which we fundamentally depend – such as a stable climate, fertile soils, and a protective ozone layer. The Doughnut of social and planetary boundaries is a new framing of that challenge, and it acts as a compass for human progress this century.”
“To make the world work for 100 % of humanity in the shortest possible time through spontaneous cooperation
without ecological offense or the disadvantage of anyone.”
By “tools” we mean a mental framework… a set of ideas. A way of looking at the biggest problem we’ve ever faced.
With this “toolkit” one can approach the daunting task of exiting modern civilization.
(And in some ways, this project was the inspiration for the current class.)